Amman

 

Amman is the capital city of Jordan. In the thirteenth century Amman was called Rabbath Ammon by the Ammonites. The Greeks called it Philadelphia. It got its present name Amman in the Ghasanaian era. King Abdullah the 1st chose Amman as his seat of government. This date marks the beginning of the modern history of Amman and Jordan.

Amman's main attractions are:

Roman Amphitheatre: Is considered one of the largest in the Middle East. Its construction dates back to the beginning of the second century AD. It is carved into the mountain and its seats are built in a way to keep people away from the direct sunlight most of the day.
 
The castle (Al- Qalah): Is located 132 meter of the level of the city centre. South of the castle we can still see the ruins of Hercules temple. Also there is an Umayyad palace.

Amman offers a wide range of hotels in all categories including almost all worldwide hotel chains. Restaurants shopping malls and entertainment centers are all over the city. Old Amman is only 10 minutes from where you stay where you will find the old markets, the gold market and the antique  

Petra

 Petra, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, one of the 7 wonders of the world, is the legacy of the Nabateans, an industrious Arab people who settled in south Jordan more than 2000 years ago. Much of Petra's appeal comes from its spectacular setting deep inside a narrow desert gorge. From the main entrance, the visitor travels on foot through the awesome "SIQ", an immense crack in the sandstone that winds for one kilometer between overhanging cliffs.

Petra's most famous monument, the Treasury, appears dramatically at the end of the Siq and various walks and climbs reveal literally hundreds of buildings, facades, tombs, baths, funerary halls, temples and a 3000 seat theater from the lst Century AD. The sheer size of the city and the quality of beautifully carved facades is staggering and leads one to reflect on the creativity and industry of the Nabateans who made Petra their capital more than 2,000 years ago. From their capital at Petra the Nabateans had established an elaborate network of caravan routes which brought spices, incense, myrrh, gold, silver and precious stones from India and Arabia, to be traded onto the west. From the wealth they acquired, they adorned their city with palaces, temples and arches. Many that were freestanding have largely disappeared but many were carved into the rock i.e. the treasury, the monumental tombs and the high place of sacrifice. These still remain today in a condition of perfection so staggering that you feel you must have entered a time wrap. 

Jerash

 

Only a short hour's drive north of Amman is the Graeco -Roman city of Jerash (Gerasa in ancient times). This ancient city of Jerash is remarkable for its unbroken chain of human occupation. The city's golden age came under Roman rule and the site is now generally acknowledged to be one of the best preserved Roman provincial towns in the world.

Jerash reveals a fine example of the grand, formal provincial Roman urbanism that is found throughout the Middle East, comprising paved and colonnaded streets, soaring hilltop temples, handsome theaters, spacious public squares and plazas, baths, fountains and city walls pierced by towers and gates.

Dead Sea

The Dead Sea eastern coast in Jordan is one of the most spectacular natural and spiritual landscapes in the whole world. Series of new hotels and archeological discoveries are converging to make this region, the lowest spot on earth at 410 meters below sea level, as enticing to international visitors today as it was to kings, traders and prophets in antiquity. The leading attraction at the Dead Sea is the hot, soothing super-salty seawater, which is four times saltier than normal seawater.

It is rich in chloride salts of magnesium, sodium, potassium, bromine and several others. This unusually salty, buoyant and mineral-rich water has attracted visitors since ancient times, all of whom have floated effortlessly on their backs while soaking up the waters healthy minerals along with the gently defused rays of the Jordanian sun. The Dead Sea's total attraction is due to its unique combination of several factors: the chemical composition of its water, the filtered sunrays and oxygen-rich air, the mineral-rich black mud along the shoreline, and the adjacent fresh water and thermal mineral springs. The opening of the new 5-star Hotels and Resorts, allows visitors to stay in the valley while exploring its many attractions.

Wadi Rum

 Wadi Rum, the largest and most magnificent of Jordan's desert landscapes; In these ancient valleys, the elements of nature have modeled and carved out this panorama and have left us strips of scorched earth, sides of carved mountains and stretches of sand which have the ability to change into shades of yellow, red find orange. This is a stupendous, timeless place, virtually untouched by humanity and its destructive forces. Here, it is the weather and winds that have carved the imposing, towering skyscrapers, so elegantly described by T.E. Lawrence as "vast, echoing and god-like"..

A maze of monolithic rockscapes rise up from the desert floor to heights of 1,750 metres creating a natural challenge for serious mountaineers. Hikers can enjoy the tranquility of the boundless empty spaces, explore the canyons and water holes to discover 4000 year old rock drawings and the many other spectacular treasures this vast wilderness holds in store.
There are several options for exploring Wadi Rum. Hire a 4x4 vehicle, together with driver/guide, and then drive for two or three hours into the Wadi system to explore some of the best known sites. Or hire a camel and guide. The duration of the trip can be arranged beforehand, as can a stay under the stars in a Bedouin tent, where they can enjoy a traditional campfire meal accompanied by Arabic music.

Once transport has been arranged, there are various excursions available - for example, a trip to Burdah Rock Bridge, the highest in Wadi Rum, via the Seven Pillars of Wisdom and many other interesting sights, is a full day by car or an overnight trip by camel.   

Madaba & Mount Nebo

 

Madaba and its hinterlands were repeatedly mentioned in the Old Testament. Then it was known as Medeba and it featured in narratives related to Moses and the Exodus, David's war against the Moabites, Isaiah's oracle against Moab and King Mesha of Moab's rebellion against Israel.Between the 4th and 7th centuries AD, the prosperous ecclesiastical centre of Madaba produced one of the world's finest collections of Byzantine mosaics, many fine examples of which are well preserved. Several church floor mosaics can be seen in their original locations, while other have been moved for protection and displayed in the Madaba Archaeological Park. Close to the village of Faysaliyah seven kilometers west of Madaba, Mount Nebo rises from the Trans-Jordanian plateau. It is bound on the east by the Wadi Afrit (which extends into the Wadi el-Kanisah) and the Wadi Judeideh further south and on the north by the Wadi en-Naml and further the Wadi Ayoun Mousa . It is flanked on the west by the Jordan Valley. Nebo provides a unique natural balcony for a bird's-eye view of the Holy Land and southern Jordan. If the observer looks to the south, the panorama extends over the Dead Sea and the Desert of Judah. Looking to the west, it includes the Valley of the Jordan with the mountains of Judea and Samaria, and more to the north Jebel Osha and the southern slopes of the Wadi Zerqa. The hills around Amman are plainly visible to the observer in the distance, and on the steep limits of the plateau Hesban and the mountain of Mushaqar .Madaba�s real masterpiece, in the Orthodox Church of Saint George, is the 6th century AD mosaic map of Jerusalem and the Holy Land � the earliest religious map of the Holy Land in any form to survive from   

 

Aqaba

Aqaba is Jordan's Resort on the Red Sea. Its sandy beaches and coral reefs are the most pristine. It is the resort where fantasy, sun and sea meet the charms and atmosphere of antiquity. For water sports and winter warmth, Aqaba is mild, sunny and inviting, fringed with palm trees, lapped by the crystal clear waters of the gulf, cooled by a steady northerly breeze and ringed by mountains that change in color with the change of hours. 

 

 

 

 

  Madaba�s real masterpiece, in the Orthodox Church of Saint George, is the 6th century AD mosaic map of Jerusalem and the Holy Land � the earliest religious map of the Holy Land in any form to survive from Madaba�s real masterpiece, in the Orthodox Church of Saint George, is the 6th century AD mosaic map of Jerusalem and the Holy Land � the earliest religious map of the Holy Land in any form to survive from 

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